Rabu, 12 Mei 2010
Fossil Museum Sangiran Indonesia
Fossil Museum Sangiran Indonesia or Museum Sangiran is an archaeological museum located in Kalijambe, Sragen, Central Java Province, Indonesia. The museum is adjacent to the area of Sangiran prehistoric fossil sites. Sangiran site has a wide reach covering 56 km ² and three subdistricts in Sragen (Gemolong, Kalijambe, and Plupuh) and enter the District Gondangrejo Karanganyar District. Sangiran Sangiran Dome site in the region, which is part of the depression in Solo, at the foot of Mount Lawu (17 km from the city of Solo). Sangiran Museum and arkeologinya site, other than an interesting tourist attraction is also an arena of research on prehistoric life's most important and most comprehensive in Asia, even the world. In museums and sites can be obtained detailed information on patterns of early human Sangiran in Java which accounts for the development of science, such as Anthropology, Archaeology, Geology, Paleoanthropologi.
Sangiran is an archaeological site (Site of Ancient Man) in Java, Indonesia. Sangiran is located in the northern city of Solo and about 15 km (exactly in the village Krikilan Kalijambe Kec. Kab.Sragen). Arch Sangiran in the Solo Site-lane highway near the border between Gemolong Purwodadi and Kalioso (Karanganyar District). This curve can be used as a marker to get to the location of Sangiran, Krikilan Village. The distance from the gate to the village of Sangiran Site Krikilan ± 5 km.
Sangiran site has an area of approximately 59, 2 km ² (Minister of Education Decree 070/1997) administratively, including two areas of government, namely Sragen Regency (Kalijambe, Gemolong County, and District Plupuh) and Karanganyar District (Gondangrejo County), Central Java Province (Widianto & Simanjuntak, 1995). Sangiran in 1977 was appointed by the Minister of Education and Culture of Indonesia as a cultural heritage. Therefore, in the 20th Commission Session of World Heritage in Marida City, Mexico on December 5, 1996, was designated as one of Sangiran World Heritage "World Heritage List," No. 593. So in sites listed in UNESCO World Heritage Site.
In 1934 anthropologist Gustav Heinrich Ralph von Koenigswald begin research in the area. In subsequent years, the results of excavations discovered the remains of the first human ancestor, Pithecanthropus erectus (Java Man "). There are about 60 more fossils of other fossil Meganthropus palaeojavanicus they have been found at these sites. At the museum explains the history of Homo erectus Sangiran of about 2 million years ago until 200,000 years ago, from late Pliocene to late Pleistocene age of the middle. In this museum there are 13 086 collection of hominid fossils and is the site of the most comprehensive vertical hominids in Asia. But they can also be found in fossil vertebrates, water animal fossils, rocks, plants, marine fossils and stone tools. Fossils found in the Sangiran area represents 50% of fossil discoveries in the world and represents 65% of the findings in Indonesia.
Until recently has found more than 13 685 in 2931 Fossil Fossil Museum, the rest is stored in the warehouse. As the World Heritage List (World Heritage). The museum has facilities such as exhibition space (the human fossils, ancient animals), laboratory, warehouse fossils, space slides, towers of view, Sangiran and typical souvenir stalls Sangiran homestead. Sangiran fossils
Included in Sangiran Museum collections, are: human fossils, among others: Australopithecus africanus, Pithecanthropus mojokertensis (Pithecantropus robustus), palaeojavanicus Meganthropus, Pithecanthropus erectus, Homo soloensis, Homo Neanderthal from Europe, Asia, Homo Neanderthal, and Homo sapiens. Vertebrate fossils, among other namadicus Elephas (elephant), Stegodon trigonocephalus (elephant), mastodons sp (elephant), palaeokarabau Bubalus (water buffalo), Felis palaeojavanica (tiger), Sus sp (pig), sondaicus Rhinoceros (Rhino), Bovidae (meat cow, bull), and Cervus sp (deer and sheep). water animal fossils, among others Crocodillus sp (crocodile), fish and crabs, shark teeth, sp Hippopotamus (hippo), Mollusca (Class Pelecypoda and Gastropoda), Chelonia sp (turtle), and foraminifera. Rocks, among others Meteorite / Taktit stone tools, Kalesdon, diatomaceous, Agate, Ametis,, flakes and blades, among others. Drawstring and auger, square axes, stones and axes ball perimbas penetak.
Sangiran privileges, according to research experts at a vast ocean of primordial Earth. As a result of geological processes and the impact of natural disasters the eruption of Mount Lawu, Mount Merapi and Mount Merbabu, Sangiran becomes Mainland. This is evidenced by the layers of soil forming regions are very different from Sangiran ground elsewhere. Each layer of soil found in the fossil by type and era. For example, Sea Animals Fossils are mostly found in underground layers, once the sea. Such information will feel fuller longer when accompanied by direct visits to the Museum Sangiran.